What is Python?
Python is a popular programming language. It was created by Guido van Rossum, and released in 1991. It is being used to develop web pages over internet. It is possible to write Python in an Integrated Development Environment, such as Thonny, Pycharm, Netbeans or Eclipse which are particularly useful when managing larger collections of Python files.
Python was designed for readability, and has some similarities to the English language with influence from mathematics. Python uses new lines to complete a command, as opposed to other programming languages which often use semicolons or parentheses.
Python relies on indentation, using whitespace, to define scope; such as the scope of loops, functions and classes. Other programming languages often use curly-brackets for this purpose.
Uses of Python
1 Used for web development (server-side).
2 In the field of software development.
3 High end mathematical calculations.
4 To write system scripting.
5 Python can be used on a server to create web applications.
6 Python can be used alongside software to create workflows.
7 Python can connect to database systems. It can also read and modify files.
8 Python can be used to handle big data and perform complex mathematics.
9 Python can be used for rapid prototyping, or for production-ready software development.
Features of Python
There are following features of Python which makes it more user friendly and easy to handle.
- Easy to learn
Python has few keywords, simple structure, and a clearly defined syntax. This allows the student to pick up the language quickly.
2. Easy to read
Python code is more clearly defined and visible to the eyes.
3. Easy to maintain
Python’s source code is fairly easy-to-maintain.
4. A broad standard library
Python’s bulk of the library is very portable and cross-platform compatible on UNIX, Windows, and Macintosh.
5. Interactive Mode
Python has support for an interactive mode which allows interactive testing and debugging of snippets of code.
Python can run on a wide variety of hardware platforms and has the same interface on all platforms.
You can add low-level modules to the Python interpreter. These modules enable programmers to add to or customize their tools to be more efficient.
Python provides interfaces to all major commercial databases.
9. GUI Programming
Python supports GUI applications that can be created and ported to many system calls, libraries and windows systems, such as Windows MFC, Macintosh, and the X Window system of Unix.
Python provides a better structure and support for large programs than shell scripting.