Introduction to HTML (Hypertext markup language)

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language, which is the most widely used language on Web to develop web pages. HTML was created by Berners-Lee in late 1991 but “HTML 2.0” was the first standard HTML specification which was published in 1995. HTML is the most widely used language to write Web Pages.

Hypertext refers to the way in which Web pages (HTML documents) are linked together. Thus, the link available on a webpage is called Hypertext.

As its name suggests, HTML is a Markup Language which means you use HTML to simply “mark-up” a text document with tags that tell a Web browser how to structure it to display. This is the skeleton of a website. Without it, no website can run. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) adds beauty to that website and JavaScript adds the brain to allow the functioning of that website. Therefore, CSS and JavaScript add beauty and brain to a particular website respectively. 

Originally, HTML was developed with the intent of defining the structure of documents like headings, paragraphs, lists, and so forth to facilitate the sharing of scientific information between researchers.

Now, HTML is being widely used to format web pages with the help of different tags available in HTML language.

Why to Learn HTML?

Originally, HTML was developed with the intent of defining the structure of documents like headings, paragraphs, lists, and so forth to facilitate the sharing of scientific information between researchers. Now, HTML is being widely used to format web pages with the help of different tags available in HTML language.

HTML is very much necessary for students and working professionals to become a great Software Engineer specially when they are working in Web Development Domain.

Advantages of HTML

There are some of the key advantages of learning HTML:

Create Web site

You can create a website or customize an existing web template if you know HTML well. The provision of simple tags is there embedded in HTML.

Become a web designer

If you want to start a career as a professional web designer, HTML concepts should be known to you as it provides basic skeleton to the web program.

Understand web

If you want to optimize your website, to boost its speed and performance, it is good to know HTML to yield best results which can be further advanced with the help of CSS (Cascading Style Sheet) and javaScript.

Learn other languages

Once you understands the basic of HTML then other related technologies like javascript, php, or angular are become easier to understand.

Applications of HTML

As mentioned before, HTML is one of the most widely used language over the web. There are few applications of HTML:

Web pages development

HTML is used to create pages which are rendered over the web. Almost every page of web is having html tags in it to render its details in browser.

Internet Navigation

HTML provides tags which are used to navigate from one page to another and is heavily used in internet navigation.

Responsive UI

HTML pages now-a-days works well on all platform, mobile, tabs, desktop or laptops owing to responsive design strategy.

Here is the basic syntax of HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>This is document title</title>
   </head>
   <body>
      <h1>This is a heading</h1>
      <p>Document content goes here.....</p>
   </body>
</html>